First slide: Title slide
Hello, my name is Jesse King and today I’ll be talking about our paper which is “’I can multitask’: The mediating role of media consumption on executive functions relationship to technoference attitudes.” That’s a lot to take in, but we will be talking about all those aspects.
Slide 2: Background
Smartphones are everywhere in our society. We use them for everything. We use them to talk with people like we always have with phones, but we also use them to look at social media to stream movies, TV shows, and music.
We use them for work. We use them for our own personal benefit, but they are always around us and they create this ever-on society.
We are always connected, but where that may bring many benefits, it can also be a detriment to our personal relationships.
Technoference is the concept that means the interruption of interpersonal time by technology and past research has looked at technoference in romantic relationships but also parent-child relationships, which is what we will be looking at in this current study
We wanted to look at some of the precursors to technoference because most of the literature that exists looks at how technoference occurs and the impact that it has.
We see that children who have experiences with their parents having technoference, or using media around them, feel less positive about it and about their relationship with their parents, but also when parents are engaging in technoference behaviors they respond more harshly afterwards to their children. So this concept, not only influences the relationship that a parent has with the child but also that the child has the parents. This is important to look at, especially as media is so pervasive in our society.
One of the precursors that we thought we would study is executive function. We see that executive function is associated with media use—so as executive function goes down, then media use goes up.
Executive function is defined as one’s ability to engage in higher cognitive processes such as attention, impulse control, and task coordination. So people who aren’t as able to pay attention to something might get distracted and go to media, for example.
We’re going to look at this through this idea of media displacement theory where one media kind of comes to the forefront and takes over and that leaves other activities more to the wayside. So look at these ideas through that lens as we go through.
Slide 3: Hypotheses
Our review of literature led us to these four hypotheses, which are 1) parental efficacy is inversely related to digital media, 2) parental digital media uses positively related to turn appearance attitudes, and 3) parental efficacy is inversely related to technoference attitudes, and 4) digital media use mediates a relationship between executive function and technoference attitudes.
Slide 4: Method
For our method we use surveys and we surveyed 484 mothers and 345 father’s some parents. The measures we gave were measures of executive functioning, which looks at attention and task coordination, we looked at two types of media where digital media usage is more phone-based, like texting and social media and then one that’s more entertainment based, such as TV, video games, and apps. And then we looked at technoference attitudes, which are—since we didn’t measure the actual technoference that happens because people might not be aware of it—so we wanted to look at if they’re accepting of this this behavior of using media while they’re watching their children, for example.
The children of the parents in the sample were around six months old. So these are new parents.
Slide 5: Table 1
We did some preliminary intercorrelations and found that executive function wasn’t really significant for fathers. So we decided that just for mothers, we would run a model.
Slide 6: Method Continued
So we did a structural model and we ended up deciding to use the fscores for this and the fit statistics for that were good. So we decided to move forward.
Slide 7: Mediating Model for Mothers
For mothers, we found that executive functioning was associated with both digital media use and entertainment media use, but there was no mediating relationship between executive function.
There was a relationship with digital media use, which was the texting and social media, but there was also a direct relationship between this executive functioning and technoference attitudes, for mothers only.
Slide 8: Implications
So implications of our findings. So with media displacement theory, it’s possible that new parents are foregoing time with children to spend time with media.
The literature points to a myriad reasons for this, including escape, stress, boredom, and perhaps multitasking where they’re trying to do more than two things at once, which may not always lend to the most effective parenting time
And mothers and fathers, they were both supportive of these technoference attitudes in relation with media use, but of course when we created the model for mothers, we found that only digital Media mediates this relationship between executive function and technoference attitudes.
Back to slide 7
So when there was—I’ll go back—when there is an increase in the executive functioning, there’s increase in digital media use and also in the technoference attitudes. So we see these positive relationships between these variables.
Slide 8 Again
It’s possible that this executive function only made a difference for mothers, because in this sample a majority of the mothers identified themselves as the primary caregivers or the ones that have more of the responsibility in the caregiving. And because of this, it’s possible that they are more stressed, having less sleep, and as such, those factors influence their executive functioning skills and then are associated with their media use and also their acceptance of these technoference attitudes.
The reason why this is important is we can actually change our executive functioning skills.
So for particularly for new mothers, this will be important. Tn past literature it has been shown that mindfulness and exercise are both helpful in improving executive function.
And we can improve the executive function of these new mothers. Then hopefully there will be less acceptance of these technoference attitudes that may negatively in influence relationships with their children.
Also, as suggested by previous literature, education about technoference can help in improving these executive function or these technoference problems and problems in the relationship. And that might include limiting screen time or planning screen-free activity time.
Overall, we have seen these relationships between this mobile digital media use of texting and social media and those associations with executive function and technoference attitudes.
And we hope that you will leave some comments and questions for us and suggestions of how we can better our research and move forward and future research directions. Thank you so much.